Everything you need to know about MVIR (Motor Vehicle Inspection Report) - Part I

MVIR

The term MVIR (Motor Vehicle Inspection Report) appears several times in a car owner's lifetime. This report is essential at the time of vehicle registration, insurance, and acquiring duplicate OR/CR.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

  • What happens when a vehicle fails a motor vehicle inspection/test?

    If a vehicle fails any of the tests or inspections, the owner is required to get the issue fixed as soon as possible. However, if several things are wrong with the vehicle, it would be best to get a new model instead.
  • How much does a Motor Vehicle Inspection Report form cost?

    Nothing. A Motor Vehicle Inspection Report form is available free of cost and can be acquired from any LTO branch or downloaded from the LTO’s official website.
  • Is MVIR required for both new and existing vehicles?

    Yes. New and existing vehicles are required to undergo inspection at a Private Motor Vehicle Inspection Center or Private Emission Testing Center (which are covered under LTO jurisdiction).
  • What is the need for motor vehicle inspection?

    The motor vehicle inspection report is an LTO-issued form to assess the condition of the vehicle. It even comes in handy when an owner wants to procure a car insurance policy.
  • How much does it cost to procure MVIR in the Philippines?

    MVIR costs PHP 600 for private vehicles, PHP 500 for motorcycles, and PHP 300 for public utility vehicles.
  • The question now is, what exactly is MVIR? In this article, we’ll be covering the topic in detail and discuss MVIR’s benefits, requirements, procedure, associated costs & fees, and much more. So, without further delay, let’s jump in and learn about the Motor Vehicle Inspection Report.

    Before we move any further, we’d like to tell you that our ‘Everything you need to know about MVIR’ series is a two-part series. In Part I, we covered the meaning, requirements/benefits, MVIR form explained, tests conducted, and fees. In the next part, we’ll shed light on MVIR’s inspection, prerequisites, and step-by-step procedure.

    Also Read: LTO OR/CR: Get to know the two of the most important docs for your car

    What is MVIR?

    MVIR stands for Motor Vehicle Inspection Report. It is essentially an LTO-issued form whose purpose is to reveal the vehicle’s condition at the time of inspection. An accomplished and approved MVIR is a crucial requirement set by LTO for vehicle registration.

    MVIR - everything you need to know

    Requirement/Benefits of MVIR

    As the name suggests, an inspection of a vehicle is conducted under MVIR by LTO. The goal is to assess the vehicle's roadworthiness and whether or not it passes the LTO standards. It is a way of ensuring the safety of the owner, pedestrians, and other motorists on the road.

    Benefits of MVIR

    These inspections prove very useful. A car is a heavy machine with numerous bolts and wires, and several things can go wrong. There can be a busted taillight, worn-out brakes, and more, which can be detected in the inspection and taken care of by the owner.

    Overall, the MVIR acts as a safety net that will benefit you and your car.

    Getting familiar with the MVIR form

    The Motor Vehicle Inspection Report is divided into several sections, each revealing different information about the owner and vehicle’s condition. The table below reveals MVIR form details -

    MVIR form

    Title

    Contents 

    Part I: Ownership & Documents

    • Vehicle owner’s name
    • Vehicle’s acquisition source 
    • Kind of vehicle
    • Type of registration 
    • Identification & inspection 

    Part II: Identification & Inspection

    • Vehicle’s make
    • Type of body
    • Weight of the vehicle
    • Passenger capacity 
    • Rating for several parts by the inspector (battery, windshield, fuel tank, car seats, etc)

    Part III: Operation and Safety Test

    • Test drive 
    • Some Q&A
    • Notes of the safety test conducted by Private Motor Vehicle Inspection Centers (PMVIC) test

    Tests conducted under MVIR

    Under the MVIR, a vehicle undergoes as many as seven tests, which together affirm its roadworthiness. Following are the safety tests conducted during the inspection -

    • Sideslip Test
    • Suspension Test
    • Roller Brake Test
    • Speedometer Test
    • Headlight Test
    • Emission Test
    • Sound Test

    MVIR Safety Test 

    Test

    How it is conducted

    What it determines 

    Sideslip Test

    • The test is conducted by driving the car into the sideslip sensor plate 
    • The sideslip sensor plate measures the later slip movement as the car enters the first switch
    • Determines if the wheel alignment is correct or not 
    • Examine the vehicle toe-in and toe-out 
    • Test result is determined once the vehicle passes through the last switch of the tester

    Suspension Test 

    • The test is conducted by placing the axles and wheels on shaker plates. This will automatically measure the vehicle’s axle weight.
    • The plates will be oscillated to figure out the suspensions’s damping abilities 
    • The test result will be sent to the computer wherein it will be compared with the database
    • This test is meant to inspect the vehicle’s shock absorbers' effectiveness on each wheel, along with the absolute daming levels, and relative damping balance between the right and left side of each axle
    • Check the efficiency of the shock absorbers via the EUSAMA principle to equivalent

    Roller Brake Test 

    • The vehicle is put on a rolling road, which gets the vehicle up to speed
    • This test measures the braking force of the wheels for both axles 
    • It effectively measures the braking force each wheel can generate 
    • The parking brake is also tested 

    Speedometer Test 

    • The vehicle is put on a rolling road and is accelerated to a speed of 40 kmph before deaccelerating to rest 
    • It measures the actual speed and accuracy of the speedometer reading 

    (it is a pass for the vehicle if the reading is within 10 kmph of what is displayed on the speedometer vs the actual speed)

    Headlight Test 

    • It is an automated test wherein the vehicle is parked at a predetermined distance
    • This test measures the luminous intensity of the headlight along with its axis of deviation (optical or photometric) 

    Emissions Test 

    • The vehicle is placed on neutral gear with the handbrake engaged
    • The inspector will make sure the vehicle’s temperature is at least 70 degrees Celsius or high (optimum engine operating temperature)
    • The test is conducted by first revving up the engine two to three times to remove any deposits. The next step involves inserting a probe into the exhaust pipe (it goes 30 cm in from the tailpipe outlet)
    • It tests the Carbon Monoxide concentration and Hydrocarbon emissions 
    • For diesel-powered vehicles, this test will measure the opacity of the smoke coming out of the exhaust 

    Sound Test 

    • The test involves using sonometers placed at a 45-degree angle 0.5 meters behind the exhaust pipe.
    • The measurement is taken in two instances - one when the vehicle is idle and the other at the 2,500 rpm mark
    • It determines whether or not the vehicle is a source of noise pollution

    (to pass the test, the result must be lower than 99 dB)

    Also Read: Common mistakes to avoid when renewing your OR/CR in the Philippines

    Fees associated with MVIR

    If you want to acquire a Motor Vehicle Inspection Report for your vehicle, the associated fees are below.

    Fees associated with MVIR

    LTO also charges a fee for the smoke emission test, which goes as follows -

    LTO fees for smoke emission test

    Note - An inspection fee of PHP 1,800 will be collected in case of the following -

    • Motor vehicle modification (revised body design or configuration)
    • Change engine/chassis, change body colour, re-stamping of engine, revised
    • Gross Vehicle Weight
    • Recovered carnapped vehicle

    Tests conducted under MVIR

    What’s next? Submission & Approval

    Once your vehicle is back from the long day involving so many tests,
    it’s time to fill up the MVIR form. After that, the form will be sent to LTO for approval.

    After the form is accepted, the vehicle owner can use the accompanied MVIR to complete the motor vehicle registration or acquire a duplicate OR/CR or car insurance process.

    Summary

    Motor Vehicle Inspection Report is a great tool from LTO that is greatly responsible for making the Philippines' roads safe and sound for both drivers and pedestrians. It ensures that every vehicle on the road (new and old) is roadworthy. It even takes care of the environment with its emission and sound tests.

    Also Read: A step-by-step guide to getting duplicate LTO OR/CR

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